Ancient civilizations and pagan religions have left many mark in history with scripts, monuments and numerous objects that make us reevaluate what we know so far regarding our past and where we are…
Education system in Pre-British India (by Ram Swarup) Ancient India was celebrated for its learning all over civilized Asia and Europe. Metatheses (ca. 302 BC) was struck by the depth of this learn…
Exploration of the inner self lead the Romantics to discover a prodigious world of mysticism, imagination and dreams. “To romanticize the world is to make us aware of the magic, mystery and wonder …
Let’s recall the days when,after 1995 poll,Laluji appeared invincible with his frenzied proclamation of MY & OBC+SC unflinching backing.When Nitishji parted way from Laluji to form his Samta Party,he was almost in political wilderness.He needed a patronizing political umbrella as succour.The then BJP think tank,knowing full well that denting Lalu vote bank was direly needed if BJP had to forge ahead,welcomed Nitishji in NDA.Nitishji brought with him an impressive section of OBC behind NDA.It paid dividend in 1998 Lok Sabha poll.It was this experience that led them to accept Nitish Kumar as CM despite his party having lesser number in the Assembly.The bottom line is that BJP projected Nitish Kumar as NDA’s face in Bihar in order to win over OBC.
After NDA govt came to power in 2005, Nitish Kumar always remembered that BJP was dependent on him for OBC votes.But unfortunately BJP forgot this truth.I don’t blame BJP leaders for this because the party doesn’t believe in following caste oriented attitude as a principle.But Nitish Kumar was free to dot this line, as it suited BJP too.He expanded to EBC and Mahadalit in his first term as CM.He began to reach out to Muslim vote bank,which was still split between Lalu Pd and him.When Narendra Modi began to get prominence in BJP as probable PM candidate,he found it detrimental to his Muslim-pampering exercise.Now BJP should have no hesitation in accepting the naturally emerging conclusion that Nitish Kumar had in his mind a secret aspiration of forging his own winning combination caste-based vote bank on day first of his anointment as CM.He was silently but steadily working on his close-to-heart agenda.And all along his BJP ministers kept toiling like bulls to implement his development agenda.BJP’s Finance minister created vast exchequer for development work, Road Construction minister built all roads and bridges, Health minister made govt hospitals rich with services & facilities.But credit never went to BJP.The bottom line here is that while BJP was a partner in the ruling combine it remained oblivious of filling the deficit in its social base, for which it was dependent on,and compelled to be subservient to, Nitish Kumar.
When Narendra Modi was officially declared PM candidate, Nitish Kumar decided not to risk the success of his forays in to Muslim vote bank. He parted ways to impress this section. But in 2014 Look Sabha poll his vote bank he had assiduously created didn’t give him success independently as the social sections he banked on were still divided between Laluji and him.Hence he swallowed the spit, patched up with Laluji, and fought 2014 Assembly bye-election in coordination with Laluji.This yielded result, and the combine bagged 6 out of 10 seats.Lalu & Nitish tasted blood.This laid the plinth of this Mahagathbandhan which swept 2015 election. Result doesn’t surprise,because Bihar had witnesses such verdicts (though with lesser numbers) in 1995 & 2000 assembly polls.What really surprises is that BJP didn’t gauge this situation.
This assembly election was fought by the MGB with shrewd strategy.In the light of the foregoing analysis I am led to a perception that even before reservation issue cropped up, total polarisation of Lalu & Niitish following vote bank had taken place.Nitish Kumar left it on Lalu Prasad the onus of creating sociopolitical frenzy of “MandalRaj-2”,which he did in a shameless style that reminds of his casteist observations in his 1995 public rallies.Nitish Kumar himself limited to harping on developmental issues,thereby balancing,and compensating for, the deficit in Laluji approach.Vote banks of both felt assured that since Nitish Kumar would head the administration, Laluji’s jungle-dom would be in control.OBC,EBC,SC etc supported by Muslims rallied behind Mahagathbandhan.They polarised because Lalu Pd is still considered a saviour of the backward people who still acknowledge that it was he who gave them courage and voice to protest the bullying upper caste.They have reaffirmed him as the icon of Bihari backwards’ pride.
This is return of Mandal Raj.There is no ambiguity about it.It is Mandal Raj-2, as Laluji gave clarion call in his rallies.What is significant is that this return is more emphatic than its advent in the 90’s.The entire psychological impetus of voters was guided by this objective in their mind.The cacophony created on rising prices of pulses & mustard oil or intolerance issue or reservation issue served as sheer background music to the silent, secret, sinister move going underneath to polarise voters in the name of Bihari backward icons.They struggled hard to drive home their opinion that Modiji, who may be a backward, was just an outsider, and not a Bihari.And thus, Mandal Raj -2 entered Bihar with a deafening bang.
BJP remained limited to its committed voters.It could not expand its support base, as it had expected to do.The party or its Bihar leaders or central leaders cannot be blamed in any way.The psychological impact of Laluji’s call for backward polarisation was never perceptible on ground.Secretive nature of this polarisation has its own significance seen in the backdrop of the polarisation of the 90’s, when people were vocal about it.This time they chose to remain silent in view of the fact that they were choosing two icons of corruption– RJD & Congress– against BJP which has corruption-free image backed by Narendra Modi’s development plank.They are still srcretive .On ground I still find that MGB voters still avoid admitting the electoral preference they exercised. Why this stance after all?One likely reason may be that they are not sure as to what they did is right.Even then they chose to opt for Mandal-2 under emotional duress.They gave the mandate to Lalu Prasad with expectation of good governance by Nitish Kumar.This support, therefore,is not whole-hearted, rather shaky and experimental one.Here lies a silver lining in the otherwise clouded sky for BJP.
I shall be the last person to suggest that BJP should begin to toe the same caste based approach to augment its following. It requires RJDian shamelessness to stoop to unimaginable low.BJP leaders need not learn or practice this.What BJP needs to do is to implement developmental measures directly by the Central govt.Areas of such projects should be chosen meticulously which directly benefit the have-nots.Take,for example, Skill Development.PM has announcemed a Skill Development University in Bihar.Open it soon and spread its centre up to subdivision or,at least, district level.Central govt can directly provide the skilled youth with initial capital if they wish to go for self employment. You have to win people’s heart through concrete measures.Ministries whose area of work is directly relevant to common man should try to ‘show’ some vigible/tangible changes that can be branded as Modi-effect.Railway ministry is engrossed with long term reforms of great value.But in short term it can try and ensure punctuality of trains.This will be spontaneously acclaimed as Modi effect.Telecom ministry is also doing great work, the impact whereof will be visible in the long run.But as of now it can sanitize the work culture of its offices up to district level, besides improving mobile and broadband facilities, and at the same time, making its officers responsive,empathetic and accountable to/for consumers problems.This,again, will be viewed as Modi effect.For departments whose work are in concurrent list, direct intervention can be wisely chosen.The bottom line here is that voters who still stick to caste, need to be influenced and won over with such development that they can see with their eyes and touch with their hands.
A large number of voters who had voted for BJP in the Lok Sabha poll seem to have shifted to MGB in this election.The reason, I reiterate, is purely emotional and psychological.BJP needs to win them back first before targeting new voters.BJP leaders should adopt only, and only, an emotional approach as if tackling a sulking child.It will be imperative to avoid any direct attack on the MGB govt and its failings or malfunctioning, as and when it is visible.In such situation BJP should behave like a martyred ‘Abhimanyu’ now disabled by people to work for them.Side-by-side central govt development work should be pushed nearer the masses in which Bihar leaders should be visibly active.The three caste leaders whom BJP nurtures as NDA allies have failed to garner their caste votes.They may be advised, cautiously and without antagonising them, to go to their people and win them back.What about the 186 NDA candidates who lost?Why not press them into field work right now in their respective constituencies?How far it is practical to allow them to work for the next term right from now?How can their time and energy may be utilised for the four years when next Loke Sabha polls reappear?If BJP can decide right now to let one person to lead its ground work in one constituency, it will be highly fruitful.Of course, it will be an innovative measure.But situation does call forth innovation.Repetition of Delhi in Bihar is a bad omen for the party.Assembly polls in UP,West Bengal,Assam etc are crucial.In these states too similar polarisation against BJP is possible.And finally 2019 Lok Sabha polls may see the culmination of such efforts by anti BJP parties.The party has to think over the future strategy with all seriousness.Planning over, be down-to earth, move to the masses.Hard work is required.BJP improved from 4 to 84 and to 282 in Lok Sabha.In Bihar assembly too it can move from 57 to 157.
*vande mataram*vande mataram*vande mataram*vande mataram*
सोशल मीडिया में यह समाचार आ रहा है की डॉ. स्वामी दिल्ली की किसी सीट से अपनी उम्मीदवारी चाहते थे. केन्द्रीय चुनाव समिति में उनके नाम की चर्चा की गयी.नरेंद्र मोदी और नितिन गडकरी उन्हें दिल्ली से ही चुनाव लड़ाने के पक्ष में थे. प्रायः सुषमा स्वराज और अरुण जेटली ने इसका विरोध किया. यह भी चर्चे हैं की आडवानिजी और राजनाथ सिंह इस चर्चा/विवाद में तटस्थ रहे. यह कोई आधिकारिक समाचार नहीं है. अन्दर से छन कर आई बातों के आधार पर सोशल मीडिया में इसके चर्चे हो रहे हैं. फेसबुक पर राष्ट्रवादी कार्यकर्ताओं में गहरा रोष है. इन सभी नेताओं को लगातार ट्वीट और मेसेज से क्षोभ/विरोध प्रेषित किये जा रहे हैं. अपने फेसबुक वाल पर मुझे इस आशय के बहुत सारे पोस्ट आये हैं. मैं भी इससे दुखी और विचलित हूँ.
डॉ. सुब्रह्मण्यम स्वामी हाल तक अपनी अलग पार्टी में थे. कुछ ही दिन पहले उन्होंने बीजेपी की विधिवत सदस्यता ली है.इस दृष्टि से वे बीजेपी के नए सदस्य माने जा सकते हैं. परन्तु प्रश्न यह है की क्या ऐसे नए सदस्यों को बीजेपी इच्छित क्षेत्रों से टिकट नहीं दे रही है ? नाम गिनाया जाय तो अभी तक जारी सूची में बहुतेरे ऐसे नाम मिल जायेंगे. दूसरा प्रश्न है की क्या नए सदस्यों की योग्यता किस आधार पर तय होती है ? सिर्फ चुनाव जीतने की क्षमता और/या उनकी वैचारिक पृष्ठभूमि और/या उनकी व्यक्तिगत छवि ? मुझे लग रहा है की अधिकतर नए सदस्य जिन्हें चुनाव के लिए स्वीकृत किया गया है वे सामान्यतः चुनाव जीतने की क्षमता की कसौटी पर तौले गए हैं. कुछ सदस्यों के सन्दर्भ में जीत की सम्भावना और अच्छी छवि, दोनों मानक मौजूद हैं. संभवतः डॉ. स्वामी एकमात्र ऐसे ‘नए’ सदस्य हैं जो इन दोनों के अतिरिक्त प्रखर राष्ट्रवाद की कसौटी पर भी खरे उतारते हैं.दिल्ली की किसी सीट से उनके जीतने की क्षमता में कोई शक नहीं है, उनकी व्यक्तिगत छवि बेदाग़ है, और वैचारिक रूप से भी वे बीजेपी की हिंदूवादी/राष्ट्रवादी सोच का मुखर रूप से पोषण करते हैं.
एक अतिरिक्त आधार उनके चयन के लिए यह है, और यह अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण है, की यु.पि.ए. सरकार के भ्रष्टाचार के विरुद्ध उन्होंने न्यायपालिका में अहर्निश संघर्ष करते हुए उनके घोटालों की जांच करवाई है. और वे लगातार इसमें सक्रिय हैं. मुझे तो लगता है की अगर डॉ. स्वामी का प्रयास नहीं होता तो कांग्रेस सरकार भ्रष्टाचार के केस में इतना नंगी नहीं हुई होती. जो काम विपक्षी पार्टी होने के नाते बीजेपी को करना चाहिए था वह काम इन्होने ही किया.बीजेपी इस फ्रंट पर अपनी जिम्मेवारी का निर्वाह लेश-भर नहीं कर सकी. कांग्रेस सरकार के भ्रष्टाचार के विषय पर बीजेपी के प्रखर विरोध की कमी भी एक रहस्य है जिस पर अलग से चर्चा की जरूरत है.ऐसा नहीं है की बीजेपी आक्रामक विरोध के लिए सक्षम नहीं थी. बीजेपी के पास इस सन्दर्भ में उचित नीति कभी नहीं थी. क्यों नहीं थी, यह एक रहस्य है.डॉ. स्वामी द्वारा सुप्रीम कोर्ट से जांच करवा कर कांग्रेस को एक्सपोज किये जाने का सीधा लाभ बीजेपी को ही मिला. नरेंद्र मोदी अपने भाषणों में इसका समुचित प्रयोग कर रहे हैं.इन सारी बातों की पृष्ठभूमि में यह स्पष्ट दीखता है की डॉ. स्वामी को बीजेपी में प्रमुखता या समुचित आदर का स्थान नहीं देने में व्यक्तिगत स्वार्थ-आधारित किसी सोच का ही षड्यंत्र है.
बीजेपी के कुछ शीर्ष नेताओं में इस तरह की स्वार्थ-केन्द्रित भावना अत्यंत दुखद, दुर्भाग्यपूर्ण और चिंताजनक है. बीजेपी एक राष्ट्रवादी राजनीतिक सगठन है. यह राष्ट्रिय स्वयंसेवक संघ के विचारों और आदर्शों पर आधारित है. संघ के दर्शन से ही मोदीजी ने ‘राष्ट्र प्रथम’ का उद्घोष लिया है. इस संगठन में शीर्ष पर ऐसी सोच हो जो राष्ट्र-हित से ज्यादा स्व-हित को महत्व देता है तो यह इस संगठन की वैचारिक विपन्नता है. बीजेपी के शीर्ष नेतृत्व को व्यक्ति/कार्यकर्ता और राष्ट्र के बीच के पारस्परिक सम्बन्ध और महत्व को समझना होगा. अगर संगठन के नीति-निर्धारक सदस्य राष्ट्रवादी दृष्टि में कमजोर होंगे तो हमारे संगठन की वैचारिक लड़ाई तो हम पहले ही हार जायेंगे. डॉ. स्वामी के सन्दर्भ में अगर सच-मुच वर्णित परिस्थितियों में निर्णय प्रभावित हुआ है तो बीजेपी को तुरत सुधर करना होगा. बीजेपी को यह भी स्पष्ट रूप से समझना चाहिए की वह सांगठनिक रूप से अकेले चुनाव लड़ कर जीतने में सक्षम नहीं है. इसकी सफलता में सैकड़ों राष्ट्रवादी संगठनों का जमीनी सहयोग जुड़ा होता है. उनकी भावना का भी बीजेपी आदर करे.बीजेपी सांगठनिक रूप से स्वयं को स्वच्छंद समझने की कोशिश नहीं करे, अन्यथा उनका अकेले का अथक संघर्ष उन्हें कभी सफलता नहीं दिला सकेगा.
Withdrawal of Wendy Doniger’s controversial book “The Hindus : An Alternative History” by its publisher Penguin India has made secular-leftist ‘penners syndicate’ uneasy. They have begun to view it as an affront to, and defeat of, so far unchallenged vicious campaign against Hindu and Hinduism. Penguin is being tormented with sharp challenges veiled in alibi of ‘freedom of speech’. These attacks are piloted by the Indian ‘syndicate’, and is duly supported by their kins abroad. Penguin India responded to this with its view [No Country for Free Speech :: The Hindu , Feb. 15, 2014] …http://t.co/emJGJJzUdu.Penguin accuses the provision in Section 295A of IPC, which it sarcastically terms ‘British-vintage Section’. India, indeed, is being governed today by all the major acts promulgated in 1860, by the British Govt, coolly replicating Irish Penal Code of Ireland, which was another subject-state. So, penguin’s reference to British legacy does not surprise. However, Penguin finds the ‘constraints’ of free-play of speech similar in other countries.
The Hindu has (Feb. 15, 2014) also published a centre-page article protesting withdrawal of Wndy Doniger’s book. Authored by Ratna Kapur, it is entitled-‘Totalising History, Silencing Dissent’. The theme-line encapsulating the thrust of the article is – ‘The agreement by Penguin Books India to destroy all existing copies of Wendy Doniger’s book represents the destruction of the very fabric of Indian culture’…..http://t.co/HZvGkq27LZ. in this article Kapur links the issue of free speech in India to rise of Narendra Modi, and the tasteless/flavourless secular-candy of 2002 Gujrat riots. He also terms it as a fall-out of Hindu upsurge in India. Such reflections highlight the author’s mental bias and vicious political penchant in matters of wide social relevance. What Ratna Kapur voices is a purely political anguish wrapped in intellectual array of catchy ideas and ideals. At the best, Ratna Kapoor’s wails over Penguin episode can be termed lamentations of a defeated soldier of ‘secular syndicate’. Ratna’s presumption that this episode will lead to chaos in Indian culture is exactly contrary to what it actually indicates.
The Hindu (Feb., 15, 2014) has also published a report that an online petition has been initiated in support of Wendy Doniger’s book…..http://t.co/AcM1uZFmEm…. No one can have any objection to any one pursuing legal and formal methods to push one’s demand. But I find it pertinent to comment on one specific demand of this petition. The first demand this petition makes is to ‘reform’ articles 153A and 295A of IPC. The provisions of the two articles are …..
153A. 1[ Promoting enmity between different groups on ground of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony.– (1) Whoever-
(a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill- will between different religious, racials, language or regional groups or castes or communities, or